The Funds are intended for long-term investors and not for those who wish to trade frequently in their shares. The Funds are not intended to accommodate frequent purchases and redemptions of shares by shareholders. Short-term trading (sometimes known as “market timing”) into and out of a Fund, particularly in larger amounts, may harm performance by disrupting portfolio management strategies and by increasing expenses, including brokerage and administrative costs, and may dilute the value of the holdings of other shareholders of a Fund. Short-term trading may cause a Fund to retain more cash than the portfolio manager would normally retain in order to meet unanticipated redemptions or may force a Fund to sell portfolio securities at disadvantageous times to raise the cash needed to meet those redemption or exchange requests. With this in mind, the Board of Directors has adopted a Short-Term Trading Policy. Under the Policy, to discourage short-term trading in Fund shares, each Fund imposes a 2.00% short-term redemption fee when shares of a Fund are redeemed (either by selling or exchanging into another Fund) within 60 days of purchase. The short-term redemption fee is not a sales charge and it is not a sales commission. The short-term redemption fee is withheld from gross redemption proceeds and is retained by a Fund. The short-term redemption fee does not apply to: (1) shares acquired through reinvestment of dividends and other Fund distributions, (2) systematic purchases and redemptions, (3) required distributions or return of excess contributions from retirement accounts, (4) certain hardship situations such as death or disability, or (5) redemptions in omnibus accounts where redemptions cannot be tracked to the individual shareholder.
The Policy specifies that shares will be redeemed in the following order: first, shares acquired through reinvestment of dividends and other fund distributions; second, shares held more than 60 days; and third, shares held for 60 days or less (subject to a 2.00% short-term redemption fee). Holding periods are determined based on a first-in first-out method. Shareholders will normally comply with the Funds’ policy regarding short-term trading by allowing 60 days to pass after each investment before they sell or exchange a Fund’s shares. Exchanges involve a redemption of shares and are subject to the redemption fee. The Funds may take action if shares are held longer than 60 days if the trading is disruptive for other reasons such as unusually large trade size. In addition, the Funds reserve the right to impose restrictions on purchases or exchanges at any time on conditions that are more restrictive on disruptive or short-term trading than those that are otherwise stated in this Prospectus. The Funds reserve the right to modify the terms of, or terminate, the short-term redemption fee at any time. The Funds and their agent also reserve the right to refuse any purchase order, at any time, by any investor or group of investors for any reason.
This Short-Term Trading Policy is subject to limitations on the Funds’ ability to detect and curtail short-term or disruptive trading practices. Shareholders seeking to engage in short-term trading practices may use a variety of strategies to avoid detection. Despite the best efforts of the Funds or their agents to prevent short-term or disruptive trading, there is no guarantee that the Funds or their agents will be able to identify such shareholders or curtail short-term trading practices. The Funds receive purchase and redemption orders through financial intermediaries and cannot always identify or reasonably detect excessive short-term trading which may be facilitated by these intermediaries or by the use of omnibus account arrangements offered by these intermediaries to investors. Omnibus accounts are commonly used by financial intermediaries and benefit plans. Omnibus accounts allow multiple investors to aggregate their respective share ownership positions and purchase, redeem and exchange Fund shares using a single account where the identity of the individual shareholder(s) is not known to the Funds or their agents. If an individual shareholder in an omnibus account can be identified, they will be subject to the redemption fee.